Types of PCOS – What are PCOS Symptoms and Treatment
THERE ARE TYPES OF PCOS
In this section, we will cover different types of PCOS and what kind of PCOS you have. There are four types of PCOS: Insulin-resistant PCOS, Inflammatory PCOS, Hidden-cause PCOS, and Pill-induced PCOS.
This is the most common type of PCOS. This type of PCOS is caused by smoking, sugar, pollution, and trans fat. In this, high levels of insulin prevent ovulation and trigger the ovaries to create testosterone.
If you have been told by your doctor that you are a diabetic on borderline and your glucose tolerance test was not normal. If you have increased levels of insulin and you are overweight, then you might be one having insulin resistance PCOD.
TIP- QUIT SUGAR! just shun the sugar, it should be your first step. A little amount of sugar is healthy but by taking it in large quantities you are contributing to insulin resistance. To prevent insulin resistance PCOS you can take inositol. A period of almost six to nine months is needed to improve from this type of PCOS as it is a slow process.
This type is the second most common PCOS. It gets developed due to birth control pills which suppress ovulation. For most women, these effects do not last long and they resume ovulating after the effect of the pill is over. But some women do not resume ovulating for months and years even after the effects of pills get over. During that time women should consult a doctor.
If you experience regular and normal periods before starting with the pills then this might be a sign of Pill-induced PCOS. Or if your levels of LH are increased in the blood test then this could be a sign too.
In PCOS due to inflammation, ovulation is prevented, hormones get imbalanced and androgens are produced. Inflammation is caused due to stress, toxins of the environment, and inflammatory dietary like gluten.
If you have symptoms such as headaches, infections, or skin allergies and your blood tests show that you are deficient in vitamin D, your blood count is not normal, increased levels of thyroid then you might be one having inflammatory PCOS.
TIP- DON’T TAKE STRESS! Stop consuming inflammatory foods like dairy products, sugar, or wheat. Start taking supplements of magnesium as it has anti-inflammatory effects. The process of improvement takes about nine months as it is a slow process.
This is a simpler form of PCOS, once the cause is addressed then it takes about three to four months to get resolved. Causes of Hidden PCOS: Thyroid disease, deficiency of iodine (ovaries need iodine), vegetarian diet ( it makes you zinc deficient and the ovaries need zinc), and artificial sweeteners.
If you are already done with numerous natural treatments for PCOS and nothing seems like working then consult the doctor and gather more information about it
What is your PCOS type? Knowing your type can help you target the root causes of your symptoms!
There are 4 PCOS types, and here are some symptoms from each of them:
Inflammation: cystic acne, ovarian cysts, bloating
Insulin Resistance: facial hair, weight gain, irregular periods, hair loss, cravings
Adrenal Fatigue: fatigue, anxiety, mood swings, depression
Thyroid Issues: rapid weight gain, chronic fatigue, hair loss, feeling cold
SYMPTOMS OF PCOS
Usually, the symptoms of PCOS are developed during the time of first period of a woman and if it develops later, then the below-listed symptoms will tell you when to see a doctor.
Periods With Abnormalities
Irregular, prolonged, or infrequent menstrual cycles are one of the most common symptoms of PCOS. If you have less than 9 periods in a year, very heavy periods, or a cycle of more than 35 days, then it is time to see a doctor.
In this situation, the ovaries might get enlarged and as a result, the ovaries fail to function appropriately.
Increment In Androgen
Increased levels of androgens (male hormones) result in physical appearances like excess body and facial hair and severe acne.
Other symptoms are high levels of stress, high blood pressure, sleep disorders, infertility, skin allergies, acne, dandruff, pelvic pain, depression, and low libido.
CAUSES OF PCOS
The apt cause of PCOS is not known but the factors affecting the causes might be:
According to some researchers, heredity could be one of the reasons behind PCOS as there are some genes that might link to PCOS.
Insulin is a hormone that is produced by the pancreas. It is the primary energy supplier of the body. When the body becomes resistant to the actions of insulin, the levels of blood sugar rise rapidly and due to this more insulin might be produced by the body. Excess insulin can increase the production of androgen which can cause difficulties in ovulation.
Inflammation Of Low Grade
This situation is related to the blood cells. Studies show that all those women who have PCOS develop a type of low-grade inflammation that leads to the production of androgens.
Women who have mothers or sisters having PCOS have a higher risk of developing it than others who do not have this situation. Other health risks and complications related to PCOS are miscarriage or premature delivery, infertility, endometrial cancer (cancer in the lining of the uterus), type 2 diabetes, depression, eating disorders, anxiety, abnormal bleeding from the uterus, high blood pressure, abnormalities in cholesterol levels (this increases the risks of cardiovascular diseases), high blood sugar, steatohepatitis, and heart attacks.
TREATMENT OF PCOS
There is no apt cure for PCOS but the treatments are for factors that reflect the symptoms of Polycystic ovary syndrome. There are many treatment options which include:
Medications Of Diabetes
The medicines recommended for diabetes will help to manage it as increased levels of sugar can cause PCOS.
In infertility treatments, some medications are required which include the usage of Clomid and injectable medicines such as FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) and LH (luteinizing hormone). And, in some cases, letrozole is also recommended by doctors.
Treatment For Infertility
In infertility treatments like IUI (intrauterine insemination) or IVF (in-vitro fertilization), in these treatments, some medications are given like spironolactone or eflornithine due to which excessive growth of hair is controlled.
** Women using spironolactone must use birth control due to the high risk of birth defects and breastfeeding is not recommended while the intake of this medicine.