PCOS Can Cause Multiple Ovarian Cysts
Yes, you are correct. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder that can cause multiple ovarian cysts to develop. Despite the name “polycystic,” not all women with PCOS have cysts, but it is a common characteristic of the condition.
In PCOS, the ovaries often produce higher-than-normal amounts of androgens (male hormones) and insulin, leading to hormonal imbalances. These imbalances can interfere with the average growth and release of eggs during the menstrual cycle, resulting in the development of multiple small follicles (fluid-filled sacs) in the ovaries. These follicles may contain immature eggs that do not reach full maturity or ovulation.
Over time, these small follicles can accumulate in the ovaries, giving the appearance of multiple cysts. These cysts are usually not harmful or cancerous, but they can contribute to irregular menstrual cycles and hormonal disruptions associated with PCOS.
Multiple ovarian cysts are one of the key criteria used to diagnose PCOS, along with other symptoms such as irregular periods, signs of hyperandrogenism (excessive hair growth, acne, and male pattern hair loss), and hormonal imbalances.
It’s important to note that PCOS is a complex condition, and its presentation can vary among individuals. Some women with PCOS may have a few small cysts, while others may have many cysts in their ovaries. Additionally, the severity of symptoms can differ from person to person. Diagnosis and management of PCOS require a comprehensive evaluation by a healthcare professional, and treatment is aimed at managing symptoms, restoring hormonal balance, and addressing specific concerns, such as fertility issues or metabolic abnormalities.