What is Sugar?

Sugar is a type of carbohydrate that is commonly used as a sweetener in food and beverages. It is a crystalline substance that is derived from various sources, including sugarcane, sugar beets, and corn. The most common types of sugar used in food and beverages are sucrose, fructose, and glucose.

Sucrose is made up of one molecule of glucose and one molecule of fructose and is commonly found in table sugar, granulated sugar, and brown sugar. Fructose is found in fruits, vegetables, and honey, and is commonly used in high-fructose corn syrup. Glucose is the primary source of energy for the body and is found in many foods, including bread, pasta, and rice.

Sugar is often added to processed foods and beverages to enhance their flavor and texture. However, consuming too much sugar can have negative effects on health, including weight gain, tooth decay, and an increased risk of chronic diseases such as diabetes and heart disease. It is recommended that individuals limit their intake of added sugars and focus on consuming whole foods that are naturally low in sugar.

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