What Are The Effects of X-ray Radiation?

X-ray radiation is a type of ionizing radiation, which means it has enough energy to remove tightly bound electrons from atoms, a process known as ionization. The effects of x-ray radiation on living tissue depend on the amount of radiation received, the duration of exposure, and the type of tissue exposed.

Short-term effects of high levels of x-ray radiation include skin burns and hair loss. Long-term effects can include an increased risk of cancer, particularly in tissues that have a high rate of cell division such as the lung, thyroid, and bone marrow.

It is important to note that the benefits of x-ray imaging, such as diagnostic information and early detection of certain conditions, often outweigh the potential risks associated with radiation exposure. However, it is important to minimize unnecessary radiation exposure and use the lowest possible radiation dose when x-ray imaging is necessary.

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