It Is Said That Malaria is a Risk Factor For Iron Deficiency. Why?

Malaria is a disease caused by a parasite that is transmitted through the bites of infected mosquitoes. When a person is infected with malaria, their immune system responds by breaking down red blood cells that are infected with the parasite. This breakdown of red blood cells leads to a decrease in the number of red blood cells in the body, which can result in anemia.

Iron is an essential mineral that is required for the production of red blood cells. When a person is infected with malaria and experiences anemia, their body may become deficient in iron. This is because the body needs iron to make new red blood cells to replace the ones that have been destroyed by the immune system.

In addition to this, malaria can also affect the absorption of iron in the intestine, which can further contribute to iron deficiency. The parasite that causes malaria can affect the lining of the intestine, making it more difficult for the body to absorb iron from food.

Iron deficiency can lead to a range of health problems, including fatigue, weakness, and impaired cognitive function. In areas where malaria is endemic, iron deficiency anemia is a common health problem, particularly in children and pregnant women who are already at risk of iron deficiency. Therefore, preventing and treating malaria can also help to reduce the risk of iron deficiency anemia.

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