Cause Based Definition of Diabetes

A cause-based definition of diabetes is a metabolic disorder in which the body is unable to produce enough insulin or effectively use the insulin it produces, leading to elevated levels of glucose in the blood.

The cause of diabetes depends on the type of diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin, leading to a complete lack of insulin production. In type 2 diabetes, the body becomes resistant to the effects of insulin, and the pancreas may not be able to produce enough insulin to overcome this resistance.

Both types of diabetes can lead to serious health problems, including heart disease, stroke, nerve damage, kidney damage, blindness, and amputations if left uncontrolled. Effective management of diabetes involves monitoring blood sugar levels, making lifestyle changes, and taking medications as prescribed by a healthcare provider. The goal of treatment is to keep blood glucose levels within a target range, prevent or delay the onset of complications, and improve overall health.

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